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Fruit Key and Twig Key to Trees and Shrubs William M. Harlow. A Abenaki‎ (5 … The next most common forest-type groups are spruce/fir, aspen/birch, and white/red/jack pine. Give the root zone of each tree 1 inch of water per week; in general, a tree’s root zone extends twice as wide as its canopy. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied. 3.9 out of 5 stars 50. -A-. Native American tribes (Fig. Maine - Maine - Plant and animal life: Flora and fauna represent a combination of subarctic and Appalachian species. 4). Maine has Norway spruce, too, but it is an introduced tree from Europe and not a true Maine forest tree. For several years, Maine Audubon has been expanding programming around the critical value of wildlife-friendly plants to our state. Natives of Maine are proud of their Pine Tree State residential landscapes, and they are often looking for fast-growing trees that will quickly provide dense shade during the summer months. Fertilization: Landscape trees and shrubs should not be fertilized unless a soil test indicates a need. Forest Trees of Maine. Find more of our publications and books at extensionpubs.umext.maine.edu. This collection of bulletins is the product of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. List of native plants and conditions for Maine. … hardiness to our Portland, Maine climate, display favorable characteristics and are generally available in the nursery trade. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies: Sarah E. Harebo, Director of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME  04469-5754, 207.581.1226, TTY 711 (Maine Relay System). Plants such as Japanese barberry, shrubby honeysuckle, and Asiatic bittersweet, originally introduced for their ornamental features, have escaped from our landscapes, colonizing natural areas and displacing native plants and animals. By landscaping with native plants, we can create vegetation corridors that link fragmented wild areas, providing food and shelter for the native wildlife. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies: Sarah E. Harebo, Director of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME  04469-5754, 207.581.1226, TTY 711 (Maine Relay System). And like all native plants, each of these trees support other creatures from our local ecoregion and will help draw them into your home landscape. 3). Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. Call 800.287.0274 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit extension.umaine.edu. seasonal flooding — tolerant, Insect and disease problems: frequent — borers, alder bark beetles, and tent caterpillars. This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. Distribution of Native Tree Species Richness in Maine Tom Kiffney ‘18 & Katy Donchik ‘18 Environmental Studies Program, Colby College, Waterville, ME Introduction A majority of land in Maine is forested. Sambucus racemosa var. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. Native to Maine. Red maple, Swamp maple. At its heart, this project is about restoring and rebuilding Maine’s natural biodiversity by planting the native wildflowers, shrubs, and trees that support the widest array of wildlife. Developed by Marjorie Peronto, associate Extension professor, University of Maine Cooperative Extension; and Reeser C. Manley, assistant professor of horticulture, University of Maine. This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. Also, provide scarlet elder with water in summer droughts. Groupings of artfully pruned plants add a great deal of structural interest to the winter woodland landscape. Reviewed by Cathy Neal, Extension professor, University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension. 4.8 out of 5 stars 23. pubens produces flowers and fruits earlier than its better-known relative, American elder (S. canadensis). In fact, Maine has partnered with Center for Community GIS of Farmington to create a database of all state trails. One of the best ways to enjoy the scenery is hiking through the many trails throughout the state. -P-. With a minimum of effort, you can prune scarlet elders to form small, open-branched trees. urban heat islands — intolerant Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. Small Trees Desirable small trees include striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum), shadbush (Amelanchier laevis), mountain ash (Pyrus/Sorbus americana and decora) and chokecherry (Prunus virginiana). Trees with * … Maine Trees. In a state with so much history, we really never have a problem finding a subject when we want to take a step into the past. Its habit of sending out many suckers (vigorous vertical shoots emanating from the base of the plant) will eventually lead to the formation of large colonies that function in anchoring the soil and preventing erosion. It grows happily in the shade of taller trees, and arranges its branches and huge … Other invasive nonnative plants in Maine include multiflora rose, common and glossy buckthorns, shrubby honeysuckles, Asiatic bittersweet, Japanese knotweed, and Japanese barberry. Housing some of the trails are Maine's 32 state parks and Acadia National Park, the only … ALNUS INCANA, ssp. Correct soil pH, if necessary, by amending the backfill soil. Speckled alder seeds are food for songbirds, water birds, and small mammals. Form: a multi-stemmed shrub with leggy, upright, spreading branches. The fruits of S. pubens are poisonous to humans; however, they are eaten safely by many bird species, including red-eyed vireos, woodland thrushes, catbirds, and upland game birds, as well as by large and small mammals. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. RESOURCES. Waterfowl: A Field Guide to Native North American Species (Wildlife and Nature Identification) James Kavanagh. While native plants should form the major part of every landscape, selected … Once established, plants should survive even when no rain falls for up to two weeks. Fertilization: Landscape trees and shrubs should not be fertilized unless a soil test indicates a need. pollution — somewhat tolerant Irrigation: During the establishment period, defined as one year after planting for each inch of trunk diameter at planting time, water your trees regularly during the growing season. At Over 300 Years Old, Some Of The Oldest Trees Are Found In Maine. HOME. This series of publications and the associated research were made possible in part by the Maine Forest Service’s Project Canopy. Developed by Marjorie Peronto, Associate Extension Professor, University of Maine Cooperative Extension; and Reeser C. Manley, Assistant Professor of Horticulture, University of Maine. In Maine, where hardiness is a consideration, one might opt to plant seed from a hardy Northern tree instead of purchasing an improved nut cultivar that may not be as cold hardy. Call 800.287.0274 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit extension.umaine.edu. More. deicing salts — somewhat tolerant Birds commonly found nesting in alder thickets include yellow-bellied and alder flycatchers, yellow warblers, common yellowthroats, Wilson’s warblers, red-winged blackbirds, swamp and white-throated sparrows, and American goldfinches. . Currently, 34.7, 36.5, and 28.5 percent of the timberland in Maine is: in large, medium, and small stand sizes, respectively (Fig. Planting a small tree is a pleasurable task. Plants such as Japanese barberry, shrubby honeysuckle, and Asiatic bittersweet, originally introduced for their ornamental features, have escaped from our landscapes, colonizing natural areas and displacing native plants and animals. Photos by Reeser C. Manley. Woody Plants of the Northern Forest: A Photographic Guide (The Northern Forest Atlas Guides) Jerry Jenkins. The Leyland Cypress grows quickly, adds distinct charm, and produces thick barriers between a private abode and unwanted chatter. Go native! By landscaping with native plants, we can create vegetation corridors that link fragmented wild areas, providing food and shelter for the native wildlife that is an integral part of our ecosystem. Maine State Tree: Eastern White Pine. drought — intolerant Illustration by Margery Read, Extension Master Gardener. EVENTS. The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov . Native Plant Photo Gallery . Likes wet swampy areas and open pasture … Soil requirements: prefers moist or wet soils, but will perform well in drier sites; tolerates a wide range of pH, soil compaction — tolerant Pinus strobus, commonly known as the eastern white pine, white pine, northern white pine, Weymouth pine, and soft pine is one of the most valuable trees in eastern North America. The University of Maine is an EEO/AA employer, and does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, transgender status, gender expression, national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information or veteran’s status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. Forests include heavy stands of pine, spruce, and fir among the softwoods. Plants like “burning bush,” famous for its red color. Or the common privet. PUBLIC GARDEN. Includes botanical aspects, county distribution maps, habitat, pests, and disease information as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. The most common forest-type group is maple/beech/birch, representing 41.3 percent of Maine’s forest land area (Fig. Your landscape choices can have an impact on the environment that goes far beyond your property lines. The only deciduous conifer native to Maine, Tamarack provides the last color (yellow) of autumn. Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. Here are some of our wonderful native plants. Apply 1 inch of water over the root zone once a week until leaves fall in autumn: in general, a shrub’s root zone extends twice as wide as its canopy. Acer saccharinum - Silver maple Native Range Map. BLOG. $16.95. Striped maple, perhaps better known in Maine as moosewood, can grow to be as tall as 50 feet, but most seldom exceed thirty. 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